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Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire. Bellamy N, Campbell J, Haraoui B, Gerecz-Simon E, Buchbinder R, Hobby K, MacDermid JC. Clinimetric . The questionnaire was intended for persons with hand and wrist conditions and. Jun 7, (AUSCAN), Cochin Hand Function Scale, Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis and Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ).

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This is likely due to similarity between some activities queried in the pain and function subscales i.

However, it is not clear why the less difficult function items share more variance with the pain items which relate to tasks of varying difficulty than with the other function items. The HAQ should be considered a generic rather than a disease-specific instrument. Correlations within all subgroups gender, race, all age groups, radiographic hand OA, and hand pain were similar to those of total sample.

This may indicate some item redundancy, and it is possible that the number of items could be reduced. National Questionnaure for Biotechnology InformationU.

Qyestionnaire, we conducted factor analyses with two factors specified, since the AUSCAN items we included were intended to measure two constructs pain and function.

Validity and factor structure of the AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Hand Index in a community-based sample

questionnaide In addition, further research is needed to understand factors underlying racial differences in self-reported hand pain and function.

While the AUSCAN was originally designed and validated for use among individuals with radiographic hand OA, this study indicates its utility may be broader, suitable for assessing hand pain, stiffness, and function in more general adult samples.

This may be partly due to the fact that these hand pain items have a limited distribution scale of 0—3 and may not be sensitive to small differences in pain.

For measures including multiple subscales i.

Denmark Finland France Germany Hungry. Results were similar for all subgroups gender, race, all age groups, both classifications of radiographic OA, hand pain.

AUSCAN – Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Open in a questtionnaire window. Results of this study extend knowledge regarding the AUSCAN’s validity in a more general population, as well questionmaire across demographic and clinical subgroups.


Factor analysis showed that for the full sample and most subgroups, all pain items loaded on one factor standardized regression coefficients 0. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. KL grading is a standard and the most common method for assessing radiographic hand OA. This is particularly important because the AUSCAN scale developers have endorsed the use of the subscales individually 4. These questions were asked separately for the right and left hands.

Acknowledgments The views expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Cronbach’s alphas for the total scale and subscales were above quesstionnaire.

Akscan trials were conducted, and an average of the three trials was calculated. Therefore Spearman’s rank-order coefficient was used for any correlations involving either of these two variables.

Please review our privacy policy. The views expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Patients and methods Queestionnaire The cross-sectional sample was composed of individuals enrolled in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project who completed the AUSCAN during a follow-up assessment approximately 5—7 years after their baseline assessment.

Partial correlations of the AUSCAN pain and function subscales with the single-item pain and hand strength measures also supported the subscales’ construct validity among the total sample and most subgroups. For exceptions, permission may be sought for such use through Elsevier’s permissions site at: We conducted factor analyses with two factors specified on these two separate Caucasian groups and found that the factor loadings were similar to each other and to those for the full sample.

Results of the exploratory factor analysis with the number of factors not specified are shown in Quedtionnaire IV for the full sample. Validation of an algofunctional index for osteoarthritis of the hand. Iceland Israel Italy Korea Lebanon. Participants completed grip and pinch strength measures at the same visit as questionnaire measures AUSCAN and self-reported pain.

This analysis allowed us to test the associations of each subscale with strength and pain while controlling for the other subscale. To support construct validity of the AUSCAN subscales, the function subscale should have the aiscan correlation with hand strength, and the pain sub-scale should have the highest correlation with the single-item pain measure.


The scree test plots eigenvalues against factors.

Please inquire if you auscxn not see your desired questionnaire below as we may have worked with it before. This study examines whether the AUSCAN’s intended factor structure is valid in a larger, more diverse and generalizable sample. Conclusions Results support the validity of the AUSCAN in a general sample of adults, as well as across demographic and clinical subgroups, although the subscale structures differed slightly by race.

Prior studies have confirmed the validity of this scale in clinical and family-based samples, all with radiographic hand OA 1 — 5.

Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN)

Results of this analysis were similar for men, women, all age groups, Caucasians, participants with and without radiographic hand OA using both definitionsand participants with and without self-reported hand pain. There may be individual differences in the types and difficulty of tasks that individuals think about when responding to pain items i.

Because sample size can influence factor analytic results and thus may have contributed to the observed differences between Caucasian and African American groups, we randomly divided the Caucasian participants in the sample into two groups that were approximately the same size as the African American group.

The Hr-MQOLQ is a item, self-administered questionnaire that assesses the quality of life of migraine sufferers within a hour period after having taken migraine medication and within the first 24 hours of a migraine attack. Results for the total sample are not shown but were similar to the factor loadings for the Caucasian group shown in Table V.