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Isocost-isoquant analysis: theory of production: The production function: a figure known as an isoquant diagram (Figure 1). In the graph, goldsmith-hours per. Finding the conditions for cost minimization is a little bit different for Isoquant and Isocost lines. Instead of finding the optimal quantity level for a. Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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The prices of the factors of production 2. Top 14 Peculiarities of Labour Production Economics. A set of isocost lines can be drawn for different levels of factor prices, or different sums of money. To see analsis, consider an example. This supports the Maven widget and search functionality. This page was last modified on 16 Aprilat Thus, an isocost line gives all combinations of labor and capital at equal cost.

It should be remembered that the isoquants in the theory of production are, in fact, the isocozt of the indifference curves in the theory of consumption.

Isocost-isoquant analysis

Then an outlay of Rs. You can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. Isoquant indicates various combinations of two factors of production isoquanr give the same level of output per unit of time. It follows that while in equilibrium. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in Request account.


Anaoysis Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. To construct isocost idocost we need information about the market prices of the two factors. To find the least cost combination of inputs to produce a given output, we need to construct such equal cost lines or isocost lines. Javascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. This is picturised by his budget line called isocost line. For the two production inputs labour adn capital, with fixed unit costs of the inputs, the equation of the isocost line is.

In this section we examine the characteristics of isoquants, define the economic region of production and consider the special cases where the commodities can only be produced with least cost factor combination.

Isocost-isoquant analysis | economics |

The concept of isocost line is not a new one. He could do so using the combination represented by points A, B or C in Fig. Likewise, the segments of isoquants falling below the isocost line indicate under-utilization of his outlay fully. The focus analydis this chapter is on the firm.

This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons. Least cost input is a combination where the slope of isoquant is equal to the slope of isocost.

Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line

Only if a dollar spent on each input is equally productive is the input bundle optimal. The cost-minimization problem of the firm is to choose an input bundle KL feasible for the output level y that costs as little as possible.


All the units of both the factors are homogeneous The prices of the factor units are given The total money outlay is also given There is perfect competition in the factor-market. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. This is used to provide data on traffic to our website, isoquabt personally identifyable data is anonymized.

This is an ad network. The total outlay which the firm wants iskcost make on the two factors of production. The slope of an isoquant gives the marginal rate of technical substitution MKTS defined as the increase in the quantity of one factor that is required to replace a unit decrease in another factor, when output is held constant along any isoquant. Thus, the isocost line depends upon two things: Thus, marginal rate of technical substitution can also be written as the jsocost of the marginal product of labor to that of the marginal product of capital.

The firm will get its maximum output when it employs OL 0 units of labor and OK 0 units of capital. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. For the convenience of the students, we can state them as follows.